Towards an understanding of the relationship between disciplinary research cultures and open access repository behaviours
journal contributionposted on 10.09.2015, 13:24 by Jenny FryJenny Fry, Valerie Spezi, Stephen Probets, Claire Creaser
This paper explores the cultural characteristics of three ‘open access (OA) friendly’ disciplines (physics, economics and clinical medicine) and the ways in which those characteristics influence perceptions, motivations and behaviours towards green OA. The empirical data are taken from two online surveys of European authors. Taking a domain analytic approach, the analysis draws on Becher and Trowler’s (2001) and Whitley’s (2000) theories to gain a deeper understanding of why open access repositories (OAR) play a particularly important role in the chosen disciplines. The surveys provided a unique opportunity to compare perceptions, motivations and behaviours of researchers at the discipline level with the parent metadiscipline. Albeit, participants were not drawn from a stratified sample of all the different sub-disciplines that constitute each discipline and therefore the generalizability of the findings to the discipline is limited. The differential role of informal and formal communication in each of the three disciplines has shaped green OA practices. For physicists and economists, preprints are an essential feature of their respective OAR landscapes, whereas for clinical medics final published articles have a central role. In comparing the disciplines with their parent metadisciplines there were some notable similarities/differences, which have methodological implications for studying research cultures.
The authors would like to acknowledge funding from PEER for the PEER Behavioural Research conducted between 2009-2011, which enabled the collection of the data used in this article.
- Business and Economics