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Tuneable diode laser spectroscopy correction factor investigation on ammonia measurement
journal contributionposted on 2017-11-16, 11:26 authored by Nilton Li, Ashraf El-HamalawiAshraf El-Hamalawi, Jim Baxter, Richard Barrett, Andrew D. Wheatley
Current diesel engine aftertreatment systems, such as Selective Catalyst Reduction (SCR) use ammonia (NH3) to reduce Nitrogen Oxides (NOx) into Nitrogen (N2) and water (H2O). However, if the reaction between NH3 and NOx is unbalanced, it can lead either NH3 or NOx being released into the environment. As NH3 is classified as a dangerous compound in the environment, its accurate measurement is essential. Tuneable Diode Laser (TDL) spectroscopy is one of the methods used to measure raw emissions inside engine exhaust pipes, especially NH3. This instrument requires a real-time exhaust temperature, pressure and other interference compounds in order to adjust itself to reduce the error in NH3 readings. Most researchers believed that exhaust temperature and pressure were the most influential factors in TDL when measuring NH3 inside exhaust pipes. The aim of this paper was to quantify these interference effects on TDL when undertaking NH3 measurement. Surprisingly, the results show that pressure was the least influential factor when compared to temperature, H2O, CO2 and O2 when undertaking NH3 measurement using TDL.
This work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Grant title: "Reducing the carbon footprint during the construction process by improving the design and measurement systems of heavy constuction equipment"
- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering
Published inAtmospheric Environment
Pages12 - 15
CitationLI, N. ...et al., 2018. Tuneable diode laser spectroscopy correction factor investigation on ammonia measurement. Atmospheric Environment, 172, pp. 12-15.
Publisher© The Authors. Published by Elsevier
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Publisher statementThis work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/
NotesThis is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/