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Ultrafast photodegradation of isoxazole and isothiazolinones by UV254 and UV254/H2O2 photolysis in a microcapillary reactor

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journal contribution
posted on 04.02.2020, 11:48 by Danilo Russo, Kristin H Cochran, Danielle Westerman, Gianluca Li-PumaGianluca Li-Puma, Raffaele Marotta, Roberto Andreozzi, Susan D Richardson
The photodegradation process of methylisothiazolinone (MIT), benzisothiazolinone (BIT), and isoxazole (ISOX) in ultrapure water and synthetic wastewater by means of UV254 photolysis and by UV254/H2O2 advanced oxidation process were investigated in a microcapillary photoreactor designed for ultrafast photochemical transformation of microcontaminants. For the first time, we estimated key photo-kinetic parameters, i.e. quantum yields (35.4 mmol·ein−1 for MIT, and 13.5 and 55.8 mmol·ein−1 for BIT at pH = 4–6 and 8, respectively) and rate constants of the reaction of photo-generated OH radicals with MIT and BIT (2.09·109 and 5.9·109 L mol−1·s−1 for MIT and BIT). The rate constants of the reaction of photo-generated OH radicals with ISOX in MilliQ water was also estimated (2.15·109 L mol−1·s−1) and it was in good agreement with literature indications obtained in different aqueous matrices. The models were extended and validated to the case of simultaneous degradation of mixtures of these compounds and using synthetic wastewater as an aqueous matrix. High resolution-accurate mass spectrometry analysis enabled identification of the main intermediates (BIT200, B200, saccharin, BIT166) and enabled proposal of a novel degradation pathway for BIT under UV254/H2O2 treatment. This study demonstrates an ultrafast method to determine key photo-kinetic parameters of contaminants of emerging concern in water and wastewater, which are needed for design and validation of photochemical water treatment processes of municipal and industrial wastewaters.



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Chemical Engineering

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Water Research




Elsevier BV


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This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Water Research and the definitive published version is available at

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Prof Gianluca Li Puma. Deposit date: 4 February 2020

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