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Understanding of dynamic contacting behaviors of underwater gas bubbles on solid surfaces

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-09-07, 11:24 authored by Jingshan Qin, Daojin Zhou, Fanhong Chen, Bairu Shi, Liang Luo, Anuj Kumar, Cheng Wang, Xiao Lin, Siyu Sheng, Wenwen Xu, Zhicheng Shang, Congtian Cheng, Yun Kuang, Wen-Feng LinWen-Feng Lin, Haijun Xu, Xiaoming Sun
Understanding of dynamic behaviors of gas bubbles on solid surfaces has significant impacts on gas-involving electrochemical reactions, mineral flotation and so on in industry. Contact angle (θ) is widely employed to characterize the wetting behaviors of bubbles on solid surfaces; however, it usually fluctuates within the bubble’s advancing (θa) and receding (θr) range. Although the term of most-stable contact angle (θms) was defined previously as the closest valuable approximation for thermodynamically meaningful contact angle for a droplet on solid surface, it has not been widely appreciated; and the precise θms measurement methods are inadequate to describe bubbles’ wetting behaviors on solid surfaces. Herein, we proposed to take θms as the mean value of θa and θr, as a more accurate descriptor of gas bubbles’ dynamic behaviors on non-ideal solid surface, as similar to the definition of droplets’ θms on solid surfaces. The feasibility and accuracy of the proposed θms have been evidenced by recording the bubbles’ contacting behaviors on solid surfaces with varied wettabilities. In addition, it was found that the contact angle hysteresis (δ), as the difference between θa and θr, reached its maximum value when θms approached to 90°, regardless of the roughness (r) of substrates. Finally, built on the above concept, lateral adhesion force (ƒ) of gas bubble on solid interface, which worked on the three-phase contact line (TPCL) of individual bubble on a solid surface against its lateral motion during the bubble advancing or receding process, was described quantitatively by combining θa, θr and liquid-gas interfacial tension (γlg). Experimental and theoretical data jointly confirmed that ƒ reached its maximum value at θms~90°, namely the “super-sticky” state, which described the dynamically most sluggish movement of bubble along the solid surface.


National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC).

National Key Research and Development Project (No. 2018YFB1502401, 2018YFA0702002).

Royal Society and the Newton Fund through the Newton Advanced Fellowship award (NAF\R1\191294).

Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovation Research Team in the University (No. IRT1205).

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.

Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Education of PRC.



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Chemical Engineering

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11422 - 11428


American Chemical Society (ACS)


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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© American Chemical Society

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This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Langmuir, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.langmuir.0c01551.

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Prof Wen Feng Lin. Deposit date: 5 September 2020

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