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Understanding operations strategizing in project-based organisations: middle managers’ interaction and strategy praxis

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journal contribution
posted on 16.07.2015, 08:48 by Christian Koch, Dan Sage, Andrew Dainty, Rolf Simonsen
The study of operations strategy (OS) in production organisations has largely focused on the content of high-level strategies, and less on their practical enactment. Little attention has been paid to the middle managers who mediate the space between the strategic intent of production organisations and their operational realities. The role and strategic agency of such managers has been shown to be influential in shaping, impeding and enabling OS, but they remain surprisingly absent from much project organisation literature. In this paper, we examine the role of middle managers in OS practice via a Strategy-as-Practice framework. We study two project-based organisations, one in Denmark and one in UK, developing lean production processes. In the Danish case, the change strategy was initiated bottom-up from the project actors, whereas in the UK, the change strategy was imposed top-down as a strategic management initiative. In both cases, middle managers played a crucial role in mediating and translating intention. We show how strategy praxis, and the leadership of operations, is highly distributed within project-based organisations regardless of where change is initiated from. The findings have resonances for theory on the agency of middle managers, and for the understanding of micro activities of OS formulation and implementation within project-based forms of organisation.



  • Business and Economics


  • Business

Published in

Engineering Project Organization Journal


KOCH, C. ... et al, 2015. Understanding operations strategizing in project-based organisations: middle managers’ interaction and strategy praxis. Engineering Project Organization Journal, 5(2/3), pp. 106-117.


© Taylor & Francis


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

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This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Engineering Project Organization Journal on 9th June 2015, available online:






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