UXO_Deflagration_MPB-D-20-00899 LUPIN.pdf (907.97 kB)
Underwater acoustic characterisation of unexploded ordnance disposal using deflagration
journal contributionposted on 2020-12-16, 14:00 authored by Stephen Robinson, Lian Wang, Sei-Him Cheong, Paul LepperPaul Lepper, Francesca Marubini, John Hartley
The seabed off North West Europe contains much unexploded ordnance (UXO), posing a hazard to offshore developments such as windfarms. The typical removal method is through high-order detonation of a donor charge placed adjacent to the UXO. This method poses a risk of injury or death to marine mammals and other fauna from the high sound levels produced. This paper describes a controlled field experiment to compare the sound produced by high-order detonations with a low-order disposal method called deflagration, which uses a shaped charge of modest size, is less energetic, and offers reduced environmental impact from lower acoustic output. The results demonstrate a substantial reduction over high order detonation, with the peak sound pressure level and sound exposure level being more than 20 dB lower for the deflagration, and with the acoustic output depending only on the size of the shaped charge (rather than the size of the UXO).
UK's Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, UK Government's Offshore Strategic Environmental Assessment programme (contract OESEA-19-107)
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering
Published inMarine Pollution Bulletin
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Rights holder© Elsevier
Publisher statementThis paper was accepted for publication in the journal Marine Pollution Bulletin and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111646.