University-industry relationships and open innovation : towards a research agenda
journal contributionposted on 29.11.2007, 11:46 authored by Markus Perkmann, Kathryn Walsh
Organisations increasingly rely on external sources of innovation via interorganisational network relationships. This article explores the diffusion and characteristics of collaborative relationships between universities and industry, and develops a research agenda informed by an ‘open innovation’ perspective. A framework is proposed, distinguishing university-industry relationships from other mechanisms such as technology transfer or human mobility. On the basis of the existing body of research, the role of practices such as collaborative research, university-industry research centres, contract research and academic consulting is analysed. The evidence suggests that such university-industry relationships are widely practiced whereby differences exist across industries and scientific disciplines. While most existing research focuses on the effects of university-industry links on innovation-specific variables, such as patents or firm innovativeness, the organisational dynamics of these relationships remain under-researched. A detailed research agenda addresses research needs in two main areas: search and match processes between universities and firms, and the organisation and management of collaborative relationships.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering