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Use of loaded conditioning activities to potentiate middle- and long-distance performance: a narrative review and practical applications

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journal contribution
posted on 01.07.2019, 14:19 by Richard BlagroveRichard Blagrove, Glyn Howatson, Philip R. Hayes
The warm-up is an integral component of a middle- and long-distance athlete’s pre-performance routine. The use of a loaded conditioning activity (LCA), which elicits a post-activation potentiation (PAP) response to acutely enhance explosive power performance, is well-researched. A similar approach incorporated into the warm-up of a middle- or long-distance athlete potentially provides a novel strategy to augment performance. Mechanisms that underpin a PAP response, relating to acute adjustments within the neuromuscular system, should theoretically improve middle- and long-distance performance via improvements in sub-maximal force-generating ability. Attempts to enhance middle- and long-distance related outcomes using a LCA have been used in several recent studies. Results suggest benefits to performance may exist in well-trained middle- and long-distance athletes by including high-intensity resistance training (1-5 repetition maximum) or adding load to the sport skill itself during the latter part of warm-ups. Early stages of performance appear to benefit most, and it is likely that recovery (5-10 min) also plays an important role following a LCA. Future research should consider how priming activity, designed to enhance the V[Combining Dot Above]O2 kinetic response, and a LCA may interact to affect performance, and how different LCA’s might benefit various modes and durations of middle- and long-distance exercise.



  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

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Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research








BLAGROVE, R.C., HOWATSON, G. and HAYES, P.R., 2018. Use of loaded conditioning activities to potentiate middle- and long-distance performance: a narrative review and practical applications. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, doi:10.1519/jsc.0000000000002456.


Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins


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© National Strength and Conditioning Association

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This is a non-final version of an article published in final form in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research at https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000002456.