Validation of the amotivation inventory in physical education: physical activity and physical self-concept
Introduction. According to Self-Determination Theory, it is known that motivation is an essential factor for the adherence and enjoyment of exercise, generating long-lasting habits. The importance of generating such habits from an early age is a determining factor in the future health of people. The child and youth population invests a great amount of hours per week in their training in Educational Centers. The objective of this investigation was to adapt the Amotivation Inventory-Physical Education to the Spanish context, in addition to examining its psychometric properties.
Method. Two hundred thirty-two boys and girls from 6th grade of Primary Education participated. Ages ranged from 10 to 12 years old (Mage = 10.99; SD =. 47).
Results. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed adequate model fit. In addition, the factor structure was shown to be invariant by gender. High levels of internal consistency were obtained and external validity was shown through a linear regression analysis with physical activity behaviour and physical self-concept as independent variables to explain amotivation in physical education lessons.
Discussion and Conclusion. In conclusion, the scale is shown to be a reliable, genderinvariant and valid measure with both boys and girls in Primary Education.
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences
Published inElectronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology / Revista Electrónica de Investigación Psicoeducativa
Pages416 - 436
PublisherUniversidad de Almeria
- VoR (Version of Record)
Rights holder© Universidad de Almería and Ilustre Colegio Oficial de la Psicología de Andalucía Oriental (Spain)
Publisher statementThis is an Open Access Article. It is published by Universidad de Almeria under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence (CC BY-NC-ND). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/