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Wetting dynamics of polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers and trisiloxanes in respect of polyoxyethylene chains and properties of substrates

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posted on 17.07.2017 by Natalia A. Ivanova, Zh.B. Zhantenova, Victor Starov
Wetting performance of aqueous solutions of trisiloxane surfactants (TEOn) and polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers (C10EOn) on polypropylene, Parafilm and Teflon AF surfaces in a wide range of concentrations has been investigated. Surfactants C10EOn only facilitate partial wetting of water on all surfaces, but TEOn surfactants induce superspreading on polypropylene and Parafilm at room temperature (22 °C) at critical wetting concentration (CWC). Influence of the length of EO chains on wetting ability has a completely different character for C10EOn and TEOn surfactants. In the case of C10EOn the final contact angle increases on all substrates used with increasing number of EO units. However, the final contact angles for droplets of TEOn solutions decrease with increasing of n(EO) reaching a minimum values at n(EO) = 6 at the critical aggregation concentration (CAC), or show complete spreading (the final contact angle is nearly zero) for n(EO) = 5–8 at 1 CWC on moderately hydrophobic substrates. Temperature-dependent spreading behaviour of both TEOn and C10EOn surfactant solutions has also been studied. It has been shown for the first time, that tuning of spreading performance with temperature for polyoxyethylene alkyl ether surfactants is possible. The increase of spreading capability for both trisiloxane surfactant solutions and polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers solutions is observed at temperature close to the cloud point for a given surfactant.

Funding

This research was supported by MULTYFLOW project (EU), EPSRC (UK) and PASTA project (European Space Agency)

History

School

  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering

Department

  • Chemical Engineering

Published in

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects

Volume

413

Pages

307 - 313

Citation

IVANOVA, N.A., ZHANTENOVA, Z.B. and STAROV, V., 2012. Wetting dynamics of polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers and trisiloxanes in respect of polyoxyethylene chains and properties of substrates. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 413, pp. 307-313.

Publisher

© Elsevier

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/

Publication date

2012

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

ISSN

0927-7757

eISSN

1873-4359

Language

en

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