Loughborough University

File(s) under permanent embargo

Reason: Publisher requirement. Embargo date will be added after publication.

Wheelchair rugby players maintain sprint performance but alter propulsion biomechanics after simulated match play

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-25, 15:53 authored by Simon Briley, Tom OBrienTom OBrien, Yim-Taek Oh, Riemer Vegter, Mui Chan, Barry Mason, Vicky Goosey-TolfreyVicky Goosey-Tolfrey

The study aimed to explore the influence of a sports-specific intermittent sprint protocol (ISP) on wheelchair sprint performance and the kinetics and kinematics of sprinting in elite wheelchair rugby (WR) players with and without spinal cord injury (SCI). Fifteen international WR players (age 30.3 ± 5.5 years) performed two 10-second sprints on a dual roller wheelchair ergometer before and immediately after an ISP consisting of four 16-minute quarters. Physiological measurements (heart rate, blood lactate concentration, and rating of perceived exertion) were collected. Three-dimensional thorax and bilateral glenohumeral kinematics were quantified. Following the ISP, all physiological parameters significantly increased (P ≤ 0.027), but neither sprinting peak velocity nor distance travelled changed. Players propelled with significantly reduced thorax flexion and peak glenohumeral abduction during both the acceleration (both -5°) and maximal velocity phases (-6° and 8°, respectively) of sprinting post38 ISP. Moreover, players exhibited significantly larger mean contact angles (+24°), contact angle asymmetries (+4%), and glenohumeral flexion asymmetries (+10%) during the acceleration phase of sprinting post-ISP. Players displayed greater glenohumeral abduction range of motion (ROM) (+17°) and asymmetries (+20%) during the maximal velocity phase of sprinting post42 ISP. Players with spinal cord injury (SCI, n=7) significantly increased asymmetries in peak power (+6%) and glenohumeral abduction (+15%) during the acceleration phase post-ISP. Our data indicates that despite inducing physiological fatigue resulting from WR match play, players can maintain sprint performance by modifying how they propel their wheelchair. Increased asymmetry post-ISP was notable, which may be specific to impairment type and warrants further investigation. 


Peter Harrison Foundation and the School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences at Loughborough University



  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports




  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [FULL CITE], which has been published in final form at [Link to final article using the DOI]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This article may not be enhanced, enriched or otherwise transformed into a derivative work, without express permission from Wiley or by statutory rights under applicable legislation. Copyright notices must not be removed, obscured or modified. The article must be linked to Wiley’s version of record on Wiley Online Library and any embedding, framing or otherwise making available the article or pages thereof by third parties from platforms, services and websites other than Wiley Online Library must be prohibited.

Acceptance date







  • en


Prof Vicky Tolfrey. Deposit date: 24 May 2023