Loughborough University
Evans et al - TranspGeotech08.pdf (170.88 kB)

The response of ground penetrating radar (GPR) to changes in temperature and moisture condition of pavement materials

Download (170.88 kB)
online resource
posted on 2008-08-14, 09:22 authored by Robert D. Evans, Matthew FrostMatthew Frost, Neil Dixon, Martyn Stonecliffe-Jones
The use of geophysical techniques to assess geotechnical and pavement structures can provide much useful information to the engineer. The development of ground penetrating radar (GPR) in recent years has led to its increasing use for pavement and geotechnical investigations, and the technique involves recording the amplitude and travel time of electromagnetic GPR signals reflected from features within the ground or structure of interest. Depths can be determined, and features of interest such as different layers, excess moisture, voids and changes in materials can be identified. The interpretation of GPR data depends largely on the ‘dielectric constant’ of the material(s), which governs the passage of GPR signals through a material and the amount of signal energy reflected from features within a structure. This paper reports an investigation of pavement material samples, conducted under controlled conditions, using GPR. The effect of changes in material moisture and temperature on the dielectric constant, and hence the passage of GPR signals, was investigated. Core samples of bituminous material obtained from highway pavement sites were used to conduct a series of laboratory tests, in which the temperature of the material was controlled in the range from -5 to +45 degrees C, and the dielectric constant and GPR signal velocity were determined. Also, the materials dielectric constant and signal velocity were determined under dry and soaked moisture conditions. The test programme allowed an assessment of the effect of changes in materials temperature and moisture condition to the response of data obtained during GPR investigations. The results of the testing showed that both moisture and temperature can have a significant effect on the data obtained from GPR surveys of pavement structures.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering


EVANS, R.D. ... et al, 2008. The response of ground penetrating radar (GPR) to changes in temperature and moisture condition of pavement materials. IN: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Transportation Geotechnics, 25th -27th August 2008, Nottingham, UK.


TC3 Conference

Publication date



This is a conference paper.


  • en

Usage metrics

    Loughborough Publications


    Ref. manager