Loughborough University
Shrestha-3211.pdf (612.09 kB)

Umbrella Partnership: a case study on capacity building and bringing synergy between local and national NGOs in an emergency

Download (612.09 kB)
posted on 2021-10-21, 11:01 authored by Bodh Narayan Shrestha, Smriti Shah, Sagar Shahi, Sunita Sulpe, Annapurna Mishra
Nepal’s 9th & 10th 5-year plan had identified Non-Governmental Organization as vital partners in contributing to reducing poverty. On the other hand same local NGO working at district and provincial level lack the capacity; specifically not having defined roles and responsibilities in responding to the specific needs of poor and disadvantaged communities (Badu, 2002). Chand (2001) has identified that local NGOs which are working and advocating in the sector like drinking water and sanitation requires robust organizational technical and management capacity. Due to the lack of capacity of local NGOs, INGOs and donors preferably work with other INGOs or civic groups formed by donors and communities (ADB, 2005). This situation leads to a vicious cycle where a local NGO having low organizational capacity is left behind without having an opportunity to partner with INGOs. This ultimately leads to limiting the prospects of having access to learning and sharing opportunities for their overall organizational growth and development. This paper intends to share the learning of partnership experience while working in COVID-19 Pandemic.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Research Unit

  • Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC)

Published in

Equitable and Sustainable WASH Services: Future challenges in a rapidly changing world. Proceedings of the 42nd WEDC International Conference.


42nd WEDC International Conference. Equitable and Sustainable WASH Services: Future challenges in a rapidly changing world


WEDC, Loughborough University


  • VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© WEDC, Loughborough University

Publisher statement

Presented at the 42nd WEDC International Conference.

Copyright date



  • en


Virtual Conference

Event dates

13-15 September 2021

Usage metrics

    WEDC 42nd International Conference