Enhancement of persistent current on multichannel ring
preprintposted on 12.04.2006, 12:34 by Feodor Kusmartsev
We describe a "train" effect which may exist in small metallic and semiconductor rings and might be associated with the long-standing problem of the persistent current enhancement. The current is associated with the cooperative motion of N electrons constituing the N-electron "train". The train arises via an excitation or a backflow of spin waves or of interchannel charge density sound modes. The impurities and defects have a little effect on the "train" current. The reason is that the "train" current is associated with a small momentum transfer, which is much smaller than the momentum transfer of the free electron current equal to 2 pi/L. For an illustration of the "train" effect we have calculated the persistent current in the framework of the Bethe ansatz solutions for Hubbard model. The fractional M/N periodicities of the persistent current serve as an indication of the electron "train".