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How normal is the "normal" state of superconducting cuprates?

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posted on 2006-04-03, 16:55 authored by V.N. Zavaritsky, A.S. Alexandrov
High magnetic field studies of the cuprate superconductors revealed a non-BCS temperature dependence of the upper critical field $H_{c2}(T)$ determined resistively by several groups. These determinations caused some doubts on the grounds of the contrasting effect of the magnetic field on the in-plane, $\rho_{ab}$, and out-of-plane, $\rho_{c}$ resistances reported for large sample of Bi2212. Here we present careful measurements of both $\rho_{ab}(B)$ and $\rho_{c}(B)$ of tiny Bi2212 crystals in magnetic fields up to 50 Tesla. None of our measurements revealed a situation when on field increase $\rho_c$ reaches its maximum while $\rho_{ab}$ remains very small if not zero. The resistive $H_{c2}(T)$ estimated from $\rho_{ab}(B)$ and $\rho_{c}(B)$ are approximately the same. We also present a simple explanation of the unusual Nernst signal in superconducting cuprates as a normal state phenomenon. Our results support any theory of cuprates, which describes the state above the resistive phase transition as perfectly 'normal' with a zero off-diagonal order parameter.



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This is a pre-print. It is also available at: http://arxiv.org/abs/cond-mat/0404678.