Loughborough University
A Model-Based Engineering Process to Explore Resilience Attributes in Systems-of-Systems - D.Joannou.pdf (74.79 MB)
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A model-based engineering process to explore resilience attributes in systems-of-systems

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posted on 2022-11-02, 12:04 authored by Demetrios Joannou

Systems-of-systems (SoS) are an ongoing focus of many organisations interested in the development of products and services in environments with great uncertainty. SoS are heavily interconnected entities which comprise of a vast number of constituent parts, both technical and socio,that are inherently complex and must demonstrate levels of resilience. Designing for resilience in SoS has been a great challenge due to the nature of such systems. With no overarching management to steer the SoS in a directed manner, there is a need to investigate novel processes and methods to better understand resilience within a SoS context. This thesis aims to develop new processes to aid systems engineers, and industry  practitioners to understand and design for resilience from a SoS perspective. 

Resilience in this instance is regarded at the SoS-level  where the underpinning connected systems demonstrate resilience in the form of a range of supporting properties which lead to improved/ sustained performance. These properties (which are commonly referred to as non-functional properties or “ilities”) will be referred to throughout this thesis as resilience attributes and are  seen as designable features which can be architected at  the early phases of SoS development. Such attributes include reliability, redundancy, flexibility, availability, and safety. The research methodology applied was participatory research to explore the requirements for a model-based engineering process to understand resilience  and to explore SoS resilience attributes. 

The methodology was applied to capture requirements for a set of processes that are reflective of real-world   problems within real industrial organisations. An extensive application of case study investigations covered SoS from multiple domains with the inclusion of industry and subject  matter  experts (SMEs) to elicit requirements for a SoS-focused resilience  process and a novel architecture viewpoint. The four case studies were of the classification directed and acknowledged for they have higher levels of  control within them and that can be directly evolved by  leading stakeholders to implement changes such as increased capabilities and increase resilience. The case  studies were conducted in the domains of emergency response, water supply systems and the air transportation system.  [Continued ...]



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering


Loughborough University

Rights holder

© Demetrios Joannou

Publication date



A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.


  • en


Roy Kalawsky; Melanie King

Qualification name

  • PhD

Qualification level

  • Doctoral