Bayesian-based techniques for tracking multiple humans in an enclosed environment
thesisposted on 2014-02-21, 13:12 authored by Ata ur-Rehman
This thesis deals with the problem of online visual tracking of multiple humans in an enclosed environment. The focus is to develop techniques to deal with the challenges of varying number of targets, inter-target occlusions and interactions when every target gives rise to multiple measurements (pixels) in every video frame. This thesis contains three different contributions to the research in multi-target tracking. Firstly, a multiple target tracking algorithm is proposed which focuses on mitigating the inter-target occlusion problem during complex interactions. This is achieved with the help of a particle filter, multiple video cues and a new interaction model. A Markov chain Monte Carlo particle filter (MCMC-PF) is used along with a new interaction model which helps in modeling interactions of multiple targets. This helps to overcome tracking failures due to occlusions. A new weighted Markov chain Monte Carlo (WMCMC) sampling technique is also proposed which assists in achieving a reduced tracking error. Although effective, to accommodate multiple measurements (pixels) produced by every target, this technique aggregates measurements into features which results in information loss. In the second contribution, a novel variational Bayesian clustering-based multi-target tracking framework is proposed which can associate multiple measurements to every target without aggregating them into features. It copes with complex inter-target occlusions by maintaining the identity of targets during their close physical interactions and handles efficiently a time-varying number of targets. The proposed multi-target tracking framework consists of background subtraction, clustering, data association and particle filtering. A variational Bayesian clustering technique groups the extracted foreground measurements while an improved feature based joint probabilistic data association filter (JPDAF) is developed to associate clusters of measurements to every target. The data association information is used within the particle filter to track multiple targets. The clustering results are further utilised to estimate the number of targets. The proposed technique improves the tracking accuracy. However, the proposed features based JPDAF technique results in an exponential growth of computational complexity of the overall framework with increase in number of targets. In the final work, a novel data association technique for multi-target tracking is proposed which more efficiently assigns multiple measurements to every target, with a reduced computational complexity. A belief propagation (BP) based cluster to target association method is proposed which exploits the inter-cluster dependency information. Both location and features of clusters are used to re-identify the targets when they emerge from occlusions. The proposed techniques are evaluated on benchmark data sets and their performance is compared with state-of-the-art techniques by using, quantitative and global performance measures.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering
Publisher© Ata ur-Rehman
NotesA Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.
EThOS Persistent IDuk.bl.ethos.594466