Loughborough University
Junchen Ren - Thesis.pdf (4.38 MB)

Closed-loop-controlled atmospheric pressure plasma treatment system

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posted on 2020-11-06, 15:15 authored by Junchen Ren

Dielectric barrier discharges (DBD) are used as cold atmospheric-pressure plasma (CAP) sources in many emerging applications in medicine, surface modification, agriculture and environmental protection. Unlike their low-pressure counterparts, CAPs operate in the open air and are subject to inevitable environmental fluctuations, which affect the device performance. Therefore, the strategy used in traditional low-pressure systems of having a tight control environment is not viable for CAPs. As a result, stability, repeatability and control of the discharge properties are the key limitations of current CAP systems.

To mitigate against these undesired fluctuations, an ‘intelligent’ Power Supply Unit (PSU) capable of adjusting the applied electrical field to control the power delivered to the discharge over long periods of time and achieve a stable and repeatable plasma treatment is proposed as part of this thesis. The PSU designed, built and tested is affordable (<£500), and it is shown to improve the stability and control of two different DBD reactors. The PSU can utilise electrical as well as optical signals to adapt the output of the power supply, and a power-controlled and an ozone concentration-controlled operation modes are demonstrated. The PSU is shown to be able to keep the stable performance of DBD reactors for hours at a time, with at least a 4x reduction in fluctuations caused by environmental changes when compared with conventional power supplies.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering


Loughborough University

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© Junchen Ren

Publication date



A doctoral thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.


  • en


Felipe Iza ; Hemaka Bandulasena

Qualification name

  • PhD

Qualification level

  • Doctoral

This submission includes a signed certificate in addition to the thesis file(s)

  • I have submitted a signed certificate