Compatibilization of poly(vinylidene fluoride)/nylon 6 blends by intermolecular association
thesisposted on 14.06.2017 by Kamaruddin Hashim
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Blends of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and polyamide 6 (N6) are interesting for both scientific studies and commercial exploitation. PVDF is known to be miscible with polymers produced from monomers containing carbonyl side groups, eg. polyethyl acrylate, polyacrylamide etc., but is not miscible with polymers containing carbonyl groups in the main chain, ego polyamides, polyester, etc. Although complete miscibility of the blend components is not always necessary, strong physical interactions between the two components are needed in order to obtain a compatible blend, i.e. one which exhibits good mechanical properties. An investigation was carried out to explore the possibility to compatibilise blends of PVDF and N6 using y-radiation to graft acid groups on either polymer and subsequently ionomerizing these with zinc cations. Graft copolymer type of compatibilizer was produced when the acid functionalized PVDF (grafted PVDF) was blended with N6 or acid functionalized N6 (grafted N6). Fourier transform infrared analysis has confirmed the occurance of reactions between acid groups in the grafted PVDFand amine groups in the N6. The compatibility of the PVDF/N6 blends was found to increase with increasing amount of carboxylic acid groups in the two polymers. This was accompanied by an increase in Tg of the N6 phase in blend, which became more pronounced when both components were grafted. Tensile test and solvent resistance experiments were carried out to relate the compatibization of the blend to the improvement in mechanical properties. Ionomerization of the functionalized polymers with zinc cations was performed in order to study the effect on compatibility of the blend. The neutralization of the acid groups in either polymer in the blend by addition of zinc acetyl acetonate was found to suppress the chemical reaction with the amine end groups in the N6 phase, and to cause a reduction in the T g and a reduction in crosslinking of the N 6 phase. However when both polymers were grafted, the crystallinity of the N6 phase was restored, which was accompanied by an increase in Tg.
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