DSP-based active power filter
thesisposted on 04.11.2010, 15:49 by Mohd. Ridzal Othman
Harmonics in systems are conventionally suppressed using passive tuned filters, which have practical limitations in terms of the overall cost, size and performance, and these are particularly unsatisfactory when large number of harmonics are involved Active power filtering is an alternative approach in which the filter injects suitable compensation currents to cancel the harmonic currents, usually through the use of power electronic converters. This type of filter does not exhibit the drawbacks normally associated with its passive counterpart, and a large number of harmonics can be compensated by a single unit without incurring additional cost or performance degradation. This thesis investigates an active power filter configuration incorporating instantaneous reactive power theory to calculate the compensation currents. Since the original equations for determining the reference compensation currents are defined in two imaginary phases, considerable computation time is necessary to transform them from the real three-phase values. The novel approach described in the thesis minimises the required computation time by calculating the equations directly in terms of the phase values i. e. three-phase currents and voltages. Furthermore, by utilising a sufficiently fast digital signal processor ( DSP ) to perform the calculation, real-time compensation can be achieved with greater accuracy. The results obtained show that the proposed approach leads to further harmonic suppression in both the current and voltage waveforms compared to the original approach, due to considerable reduction in the computation time of the reference compensation currents.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering