Development of parametric finite element modelling methods for nonwoven materials including rate dependent material behaviour
thesisposted on 28.06.2012, 11:07 authored by Baris Sabuncuoglu
Thermally bonded nonwovens are low-price substitutes for traditional textiles. They are used in many areas including filtration, automotive and aerospace industries. Hence, understanding deformation behaviours of these materials is required to design new products tailored for specific applications in different areas. Because of their complex and random structure, numerical simulations of nonwoven materials have been a challenging task for many years. The main aim of the thesis is to develop a computational modelling tool to simulate the effect of design parameters on structural behaviour of low-density nonwoven materials by using a finite element method. The modelling procedure is carried out with a parametric modelling technique, which allows a designer to run a series of analyses with different design parameters and observe the effects of these parameters on the mechanical behaviour of nonwoven materials. The thesis also presents the study of rate dependent behaviour of nonwoven fibres. Novel test and data-interpretation procedures are proposed to determine the creep behaviour of fibres in the nonwoven structure. Some case studies are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the model. The developed computational tool allows macro and micro-scale structural investigation of nonwoven materials. Two additional studies are presented, performed with the developed tool. In the first study, the effect of design parameters on tensile stiffness of nonwovens was determined by performing numerical analyses with various nonwoven models. In the second one, strain distribution in fibres is studied thoroughly together with factors affecting the distribution. The models, developed in the thesis can also be employed in further studies of nonwovens, such as investigation of their damage and fracture behaviour.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering