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Dispersant viscosity improvers for lubricating oil compositions

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posted on 15.08.2018 by Ouidad Benlahmar
Dispersant viscosity modifiers (DVMs) are multi-functional lubricant additives combining in one additive composition, dispersancy and the ability to improve the viscosity of a lubricant, at high engine temperatures, sufficiently to maintain efficient lubrication. Compounds useful for this purpose are characterized by a polar group attached to a relatively high molecular weight hydrocarbon chain. Polymeric compounds that were studied for possible use as DVMs were maleated ethylene–propylene copolymers and copolymers containing an alkyl methacrylate and vinyl amine-containing monomers. The current method used by Lubrizol to prepare grafted polar monomers onto saturated polymers is a solvent-based chemical route, which involves precipitation, filtration, drying and then dissolution in base oil. Because of those drawbacks, an alternative synthesis needs to be found to get a much more cost-effective product. Therefore, the main objectives of this research were to apply melt techniques to replace the solvent-based free radical grafting reaction and to optimise the grafting level without product detriment. [Continues.]

History

School

  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering

Department

  • Materials

Publisher

© Ouidad Benlahmar

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2007

Notes

A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.

Language

en

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