Modelling of 3D anisotropic turbulent flow in compound channels
thesisposted on 09.02.2011 by Keyur Vyas
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The present research focuses on the development and computer implementation of a novel threedimensional, anisotropic turbulence model not only capable of handling complex geometries but also the turbulence driven secondary currents. The model equations comprise advanced algebraic Reynolds stress models in conjunction with Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations. In order to tackle the complex geometry of compound meandering channels, the body-fitted orthogonal coordinate system is used. The finite volume method with collocated arrangement of variables is used for discretization of the governing equations. Pressurevelocity coupling is achieved by the standard iterative SIMPLE algorithm. A central differencing scheme and upwind differencing scheme are implemented for approximation of diffusive and convective fluxes on the control volume faces respectively. A set of algebraic equations, derived after discretization, are solved with help of Stones implicit matrix solver. The model is validated against standard benchmarks on simple and compound straight channels. For the case of compound meandering channels with varying sinuosity and floodplain height, the model results are compared with the published experimental data. It is found that the present method is able to predict the mean velocity distribution, pressure and secondary flow circulations with reasonably good accuracy. In terms of engineering applications, the model is also tested to understand the importance of turbulence driven secondary currents in slightly curved channel. The development of this unique model has opened many avenues of future research such as flood risk management, the effects of trees near the bank on the flow mechanisms and prediction of pollutant transport.
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