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Numerical modelling of direct-injection gasoline fuel sprays

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posted on 20.07.2018, 15:46 by Nazar B.H. Abdelkarim
This thesis presents a numerical study of the break-up and atomisation of gasoline fuel sprays injected into atmospheric flow conditions and environments related to combustion chamber conditions. Calculations of the fuel break-up process were achieved by four different models: Taylor Analogy Break-up (TAB), the wave instability theory (WAVE), the Hybrid Sheet-TAB and the Hybrid WAVE-FIPA models. The TAB model relates the break-up process to the droplet oscillations; whereas the WAVE models calculate the fuel break-up from the unstable waves on the droplet surface. The modified version of the TAB model, called the Hybrid Sheet-TAB model delays the start of the break-up further downstream from the nozzle tip. A new hybrid model, the WAVE-FIPA model, divides the spray atomisation processes into a primary stage, where the WAVE model is used, and a secondary stage, which is simulated using experimental correlations to calculate the break-up time for the low Weber number droplets. [Continues.]



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering


© Nazar B.H. Abdelkarim

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

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A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.



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