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Properties of mixed acid relevant to nitration

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thesis
posted on 10.04.2018 by John P. Field
In the first part contours of the second order rate constant (k2) for homogeneous aromatic nitration have been determined over a portion of the three-component diagram (H2SO4-HNO3-H2O) using three aromatics of differing reactivity (toluene, chlorobenzene and p-dichlorobenzene). Activation energy measurements are also reported over the same section of the three-component diagram. Those results lead to the conclusion that the major factor in rate and energy considerations is the acidity of the medium and that some rates previously measured in heterogeneous systems are kinetically controlled. [Continues.]

Funding

Science Research Council.

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Chemistry

Publisher

© John Peter Field

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

1980

Notes

A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.

Language

en

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