Thesis-1981-Fleming.pdf (3.87 MB)

Single- and two-phase nitration of mononitrotoluenes

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thesis
posted on 10.04.2018, 13:55 by Keith A. Fleming
The homogeneous rates of nitration of ortho-, meta- and para-nitrotoluene in aqueous sulphuric acid have been determined over a range of temperatures. Some difficulties were experienced in measuring the rate of nitration of ortho-nitrotoluene because of competition between nitration of the latter and one or more side-reactions, the exact nature of which were not determined. Some possible explanations for this phenomenon are discussed. Combination of the experimental rate data with those published in the literature has enabled predictions to be made of values for the observed second order rate constant k2 as a function of temperature and H2SO4–H2O composition. [Continues.]

Funding

Air Products Inc.

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Chemistry

Publisher

© Keith Andrew Fleming

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

1981

Notes

A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.

Language

en

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Keywords

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