Loughborough University
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The direct vapour-phase oxidation of benzene to phenol

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posted on 2018-08-17, 11:36 authored by U.K. Dutta
The homogeneous gas phase oxidation of benzene to phenol with air has been studied with the objective of finding the economically optimum conditions for a commercial process for the production of phenol. The experimental work was carried out in the temperature range of 585°C to 650°C, reaction times of 0.4 to 1.2 seconds, and at a total pressure of one atmosphere. Most of the experiments were carried out in a quartz-lined reactor. It was found that benzene (less than 0.1% impurities) gave lower selectivities for phenol than Analar benzene which contained 0.3% to 0.5% impurities. The effect of a homogeneous promoter (chloroform) on the oxidation reaction was also studied. [Continues.]



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Chemical Engineering


© U.K. Dutta

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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy at Loughborough University.


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