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RSD10 Landa-Avila COVID-19 Immunity Certificates As Complex Systems.pdf (468.93 kB)

COVID-19 immunity certificates as complex systems: applying systems approaches to explore needs, risks, and unintended consequences

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conference contribution
posted on 2021-10-26, 12:58 authored by Cecilia Landa-AvilaCecilia Landa-Avila, Gyuchan Thomas JunGyuchan Thomas Jun, Isabel Sassoon, Ozlem Colak, Corina-Elena Niculaescu, Tina Harvey, Panagiotis BalatsoukasPanagiotis Balatsoukas
Implementing COVID-19 immunity certificates without careful consideration of user needs and human factors could put public health at risk, infringe privacy and lead to societal inequalities. There are polarised and complex views among different stakeholders (including academic researchers, service providers and the public) about the feasibility and the ethical, safe, trusted and fair use of immunity certificates. Therefore, there is a clear need to understand the needs, unintended consequences, and risk of implementing immunity certificates before designing services around them. This understanding will prevent compromising human rights and civil liberties, and at the same time, help protect public health and return to normality. This paper presents the application of systems/service approaches as part of the IMMUNE project, a research project funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC). IMMUNE has investigated the design of services for immunity certificates in the UK. This research has generated recommendations meaningful to the post-pandemic systems/service design, emphasising the tensions and intertwinement of public health with everyday life.


Immunity passport service design: a user-centred approach to inform UK's national exit strategy from the lockdown

Arts and Humanities Research Council

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  • Design and Creative Arts


  • Design

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Proceedings of Relating Systems Thinking and Design (RSD10) 2021 Symposium


Relating Systems Thinking and Design Symposium (RSD10)


Systemic Design Association


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This is an Open Access Article. It is published by RSD under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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Delft, The Netherlands

Event dates

2nd November 2021 - 6th November 2021


Cecilia Landa Avila. Deposit date: 17 September 2021

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