Loughborough University
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Data for defining contribution in positive youth development

online resource
posted on 2024-05-13, 09:02 authored by Colin DealColin Deal, Nicholas L. Holt, Allison Sivak, Helene Jørgensen

Excel data workbooks for the study "Defining Contribution: A Scoping Review."

Data Extraction Workbook.xlxs pertains to the systematic search of the literature described in phase one of the manuscript. Data include bibliographic information of sources included in the review and text providing a definition or description of contribution or a related prosocial behaviour term extracted from these sources.

Cleaned_DefiningContribution... contains data related to the expert consultation described in phase two of the manuscript.

Abstract from publication

The term contribution is a key feature of approaches to positive youth development (PYD) but has yet to be adequately defined. The purposes of this study were to identify properties that underlie contribution and to establish a theoretical definition of the construct. A two-phase scoping review was conducted. The first phase involved the systematic search, selection, and analysis of studies from which six properties of contribution were identified and a preliminary theoretical definition was constructed. In the second phase expert judges rated the degree to that the proposed definition and the six properties of contribution fit with their conceptualization of the construct on a 6-point scale. Mean ratings for the definition and the six properties ranged from 5.05 to 5.70. Judges’ ratings for the overall definition of contribution and the six properties were evaluated using Aiken’s (1985) content validity coefficient (V). All V coefficients ranged in size from .81 to .94 and were statistically significant (ps < .01) indicating that the definition of contribution and the corresponding six properties fit well with experts’ conceptualizations of the construct. This study provides a theoretical definition of contribution that will serve as a foundation upon which future research in the area of PYD can build.


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