Thesis-2015-Derakhshan.pdf (673.6 kB)

# Automorphisms generating disjoint Hamilton cycles in star graphs

thesis

posted on 2015-02-23, 09:26 authored by Parisa DerakhshanIn the first part of the thesis we define an automorphism φn for each star graph
Stn of degree n − 1, which yields permutations of labels for the edges of Stn
taken from the set of integers {1, . . . , bn/2c}. By decomposing these permutations
into permutation cycles, we are able to identify edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles
that are automorphic images of a known two-labelled Hamilton cycle H1 2(n)
in Stn. Our main result is an improvement from the existing lower bound of
bϕ(n)/10c to b2ϕ(n)/9c, where ϕ is Euler’s totient function, for the known number
of edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles in Stn for all odd integers n. For prime n, the
improvement is from bn/8c to bn/5c. We extend this result to the cases when n
is the power of a prime other than 3 and 7.
The second part of the thesis studies ‘symmetric’ collections of edge-disjoint
Hamilton cycles in Stn, i.e. collections that comprise images of H1 2(n) under
general label-mapping automorphisms. We show that, for all even n, there exists
a symmetric collection of bϕ(n)/2c edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles, and Stn cannot
have symmetric collections of greater than bϕ(n)/2c such cycles for any n. Thus,
Stn is not symmetrically Hamilton decomposable if n is not prime. We also give
cases of even n, in terms of Carmichael’s reduced totient function λ, for which
‘strongly’ symmetric collections of edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles, which are generated
from H1 2(n) by a single automorphism, can and cannot attain the optimum
bound bϕ(n)/2c for symmetric collections. In particular, we show that if n is a
power of 2, then Stn has a spanning subgraph with more than half of the edges
of Stn, which is strongly symmetrically Hamilton decomposable. For odd n, it remains
an open problem as to whether the bϕ(n)/2c can be achieved for symmetric
collections, but we are able to show that, for certain odd n, a ϕ(n)/4 bound is
achievable and optimal for strongly symmetric collections.
The search for edge-disjoint Hamilton cycles in star graphs is important for the
design of interconnection network topologies in computer science. All our results
improve on the known bounds for numbers of any kind of edge-disjoint Hamilton
cycles in star graphs.

## History

## School

- Science

## Department

- Computer Science

## Publisher

© Parisa Derakhshan## Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/## Publication date

2015## Notes

A Doctoral Thesis. Submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of Doctor of Philosophy of Loughborough University.## Language

- en